Porsche Boxster S (2003)
Porsche Boxster S
As Porsche enthusiasts already know, the "S" badge signifies a truly special model, not just a trim upgrade or option package. For 2003, the Porsche Boxster S carries on a Porsche tradition of transforming an already outstanding sports car into something truly special. Changes for the new model year involve performance, handling and content, and discreet exterior identification.
For example, other than its larger standard wheels and tires, the primary visual clues that distinguish the Porsche Boxster S from the standard Boxster are its third front air intake, its twin tailpipes and its red brake calipers. The Porsche Boxster S uses the larger cross-drilled brake discs from the 911 Carrera. Other mechanical enhancements over the standard Boxster include a standard six-speed manual transmission, a third and front-mounted radiator, specific suspension tuning and standard 17-inch wheels.
Like the 2003 Boxster, the 2003 Boxster S has a new top with a glass window and electrical defroster, new lower front and rear fascia, a revised rear spoiler and new convenience features in its interior.
The Porsche Boxster S builds on the foundation of the standard Boxster and is powered by an exclusive, 3.2-liter, six-cylinder "boxer" engine that has been modified for the 2003 model year to provide 258 horsepower (SAE) and 229 lb.-ft. or torque. This enhanced powerplant works with a strengthened six-speed manual transmission and improved vehicle aerodynamics to propel the Porsche Boxster S from a standing start to 100 km/h (62 mph) in only 5.7 seconds, a figure two-tenths of a second faster than the 2002 version.
Horsepower has increased over the 250 (SAE) figure from 2002 and torque is up from 225 lb.-ft. Because of the engine's greater power, the six-speed manual transmission has been modified with a new single-plate drive clutch with revised specifications and pressure ratings.
"With its more powerful and efficient engine and its lighter wheels, the Porsche Boxster S sets an even higher standard among performance roadsters," says Frederick J. Schwab, president and CEO of Porsche Cars North America Inc. "And for 2003 that performance comes in an even more appealing package."
More powerful engine
To produce this latest boost in the power output of the Boxster S engine, Porsche engineers used the latest VarioCam technology, new Motronic ME 7.8 engine management controls, a "returnless" fuel supply system and an improved oil pump.
But the engine isn't just more powerful; it's also cleaner and more fuel efficient, with fuel economy improved by some two percent, and a reduction in emissions. With the manual transmission, the Porsche Boxster S achieves an EPA city rating of 18 mpg and a 26 mpg-figure on the highway, 12.8 liter/100km and 8.2 for Canada. The values for the Tiptronic transmission are 17 and 26, respectively for U.S. and 13.6 and 8.2 for Canada, respectively.
Formerly, the camshaft could be adjusted up to a range of 25 degrees, but this newest VarioCam technology allows infinite adjustment of the crankshaft angle by up to 40 degrees. This reduces charge cycle losses, improving power and mileage, and keeping exhaust emissions to a minimum. Porsche was the first manufacturer to introduce this integrated design, which it launched in the 911 Carrera.
With VarioCam, intake camshaft timing is fully variable through a wing-cell adjuster fit directly on the camshaft drive sprocket. Oil pressure is used to turn the position of the inner wing-adjuster wheel versus the outer sprocket by up to 40 degrees of crankshaft angle. Because the intake and exhaust camshafts are driven directly via a roller chain, this new system makes redundant the conventional three-stage chain drive between the crankshaft and the camshaft.
Porsche's patented VarioCam can respond quickly to any sudden need for power or, conversely, to a more reserved style of driving, say in city traffic. This is possible because of the way it can make precise adjustments to valve opening and closing times. When running under part load, the intake camshaft is set to an earlier opening point. The residual gas remaining in the combustion chamber helps to reduce fuel consumption. When running under full load, the engine builds up maximum output through the small overlap in the opening and closing times. Maximum torque is provided by extended valve overlap and the earlier conclusion of the intake period.
Masterminding this system is the new Motronic ME 7.8 engine management program that was developed for the Porsche 911 Turbo. This system was conceived specifically for such high-performance requirements. It measures such parameters as engine speed, pedal position, engine oil and coolant temperatures and gear selection. It calculates the requisite position of the intake camshafts and synchronization of intake camshafts. This synchronization on both rows of cylinders is ensured by its intelligent controls as the system intervenes in the fuel/air mixture formation and ignition.
Even with its boost in output, the engine itself is so strong that it didn't need to be reworked. One secret of the strength of the Porsche "boxer" engine is its separate bearing bridge for the crankshaft, which has seven main bearings. This aluminum structure has cast steel support elements that provide a secure foundation for the crankshaft, even in widely varying temperature ranges. The integrated dry sump lubrication system carries over, although the output of the compressed oil pump has been increased by about five percent.
"Returnless" fuel system reduces evaporative emissions
The 3.2-liter engine also benefits from a "returnless" fuel supply system that reduces hydrocarbon emissions caused when fuel was heated prematurely as it flowed back and forth to the engine through the traditional delivery system. Porsche engineers have developed a new and maintenance-free "returnless" fuel system that incorporates a pump, filter and pressure regulator in the fuel tank. The result is that only the fuel that actually is needed for optimum combustion is pumped to the engine. Excess fuel no longer enters the circuit and thus is not exposed to heat prematurely.
A bonus from this system is that there is no need to replace the fuel filter as part of an owner's routine maintenance.
For 2003, the Porsche Boxster S sounds even better while producing more power on less fuel and with reduced emissions. Porsche engineers have carefully modified the interior of the car's muffler to improve the car's "acoustic presence." The length and diameter of the various pipes and the perforation of the inner pipes were changed to satisfy not only legal sound limits but also the well-trained ear of the automotive enthusiast. The result is a muscular mix of sound that underscores the increased power and performance.
Lighter wheels reduce unsprung weight
The high-performance roadster gets new rear stabilizer bars that are longer (19 mm vs. 18.5 last year) and thicker (2.7 mm vs. 2.5). While the chassis, the rest of the suspension and the brakes carry over from the 2002 Porsche Boxster S, the car's handling can be enhanced with new, optional light-alloy wheels. The Porsche Boxster S rides on standard 17-inch wheels and each is more than half a pound lighter than the wheel used last year.
Also available are optional 18-inch wheels that reduce unsprung weight by more than six pounds per wheel, a weight saving of some 22 percent. This reduction in unsprung weight results in even crisper handling for the Porsche Boxster S.
Compared to the standard Boxster, the Porsche Boxster S rides on a suspension that includes higher-rate springs and shock damping, longer rear lower control arms that increase toe-in stiffness and larger wheel bearings that increase camber stiffness to provide high-speed cornering stability. Also available is an optional sport suspension package that improves the car's already amazing responsiveness through shorter and firmer springs, firmer and more responsive shocks and larger anti-roll bars.
Style with substance
Like the Boxster, the Porsche Boxster S has a new roof with a glass window with electric defroster, new lower front and rear fascia and a new rear spoiler. These changes are much more than mere cosmetics. Each of the changes improves aerodynamic efficiency by enhancing airflow to the engine, around the exhaust system or to the redesigned spoiler.
Other changes for 2003 include a new pop-out cupholder, a lighted and locking glove compartment, new interior trim colors and remote unlocking front and rear trunks. The air-conditioner and heat controls have been moved from the console to the dash for easier accessibility and use.
New top with glass rear window
The new top has a steeper angle along its rear section and provides a contour that's very close to that of the optional aluminum hardtop. The new shape is provided by an additional, fourth roof bracket above the new glass window. The glass window comes with electric heating to provide improved visibility in cold and damp weather. Even with its fourth roof bracket and new glass window, the Boxster's top still features electric kinematic power and opens or closes in 12 seconds.
The new roof is lined and has optimized seals to minimize noise inside the car when the top is up.
The roof is designed so that the rigid, magnesium frame that forms the front edge of the roof provides protection for the glass window when the roof folds away above the engine compartment.
Redesigned rear spoiler
The top's new shape enhances airflow to the car's redesigned rear spoiler. The spoiler fits smoothly into the shape of the body when retracted, and then lifts automatically into position at 75 mph (120 km/h) to keep the car stable by reducing rear axle lift at Interstate and Autobahn speeds. The spoiler then retracts at 50 mph (80 km/h).
Adjacent to the rear spoiler are smoked lenses for the rear directional signals. Beneath the rear spoiler is a redesigned tailpipes flanked by a new and more aerodynamically efficient lower rear facia. The rear fascia has two wide openings that allow better cooling airflow around the exhaust system.
Airflow also improves at the front of the 2003 Boxster S and to the car's 3.2-liter engine.
Beneath the car's front bumper are two new cooling air intakes. The new intakes have greater curvature than the former air intakes, providing a "ram" effect to enhance the flow of air for cooling and for aerodynamic efficiency.
The redesigned front fascia also includes a more sharply contoured lower front "lip." A change that owners won't see but will appreciate is a new composite component between the body cross-support and the front body panels. This "cushion" provides additional protection and reduces the cost of repairs should the car bump into a curb while parking.
Airflow to the 3.2-liter engine is enhanced through revised and now body-colored side vents located just in front of the rear wheel wells. The vent on the driver's side takes in air for the fuel/air combustion mixture while that on the passenger's side provides air to cool the engine compartment.
There are several changes to the Porsche Boxster S beneath its new electrohydraulic roof. For 2003, the list of standard equipment includes a new, 911-style cupholder that pops out of the instrument panel and a lighted and locking glove compartment. The cupholder is located just below the center air conditioning outlet. The glove compartment is located beneath the passenger-side airbag and has a capacity of 305 cubic inches (five liters). The glove box lock is connected to the car's alarm system.
Air conditioner and heating controls are now positioned horizontally on the dashboard for more uniform and easier use, and instead of black leather, the steering wheel, gearshift lever, door handles and handbrake lever are covered in the same color leather as the seats. Porsche crests in the standard three-spoke steering wheel and the car keys add a classic design touch.
The Porsche Boxster S has unique aluminum-look interior trim and instrument panel gauges with aluminum-color trim and gray faces.
Communicating at the speed of light
Porsche's new Communication Management system (PCM) comprises tuners, CD player, navigation system, and trip computer, all linked through Media-Oriented Systems Transport (MOST) digital databus. The MOST system incorporates light-wave conductors the exchange data between the individual components without loss of quality and at ultra-high speeds.
PCM includes a 5.8-inch color screen with its 16:9 aspect ratio and 12-position keyboard for easily and efficiently entering radio frequencies. The system assures excellent audio.
The navigation module provides such features as road junction zoom-in, dynamic navigation to avoid congestion, map scrolling so you can see beyond your current position, tour planning with the ability to memorize as many as eight destinations in a row and a CD-ROM system that can be used for the navigation system or for music.
Remote trunk locks
Also new for 2003 are remote locking and unlocking for the front and rear trunks. Although it's a true roadster, the mid-engine architecture of the Porsche Boxster S provides space for storage areas at both ends of the vehicle. Together, these trunks offer an impressive 9.1 cubic feet of cargo capacity.
The Boxster S basics
While the Porsche Boxster S has been updated and upgraded for 2003, most of the basic components that have made the car so popular with sports car buyers remain unchanged.
In addition to the Porsche-patented VarioCam technology, the 3.2-liter engine uses lightweight aluminum cylinder block and heads. Patented LOKASIL high-silicon cylinder liners reduce friction and wear to such a level that Porsche can recommend a 15,000-mile (24,000 km) oil change interval and a 30,000-mile (48,000 km) oil filter change interval.
Five or six speeds
Porsche Boxster S buyers can choose between the precisely shifting standard six-speed manual transmission and the optional Tiptronic S five-speed automatic transmission. With the advanced Tiptronic S, the driver can place the shift lever into "D" and let the transmission do the shifting, or shift into "M" and control gear shifts with steering wheel-mounted thumb switches.
In automatic mode, Tiptronic S uses one of several programmed shift maps to respond to the driving style. For example, during leisurely driving, Tiptronic S will up shift early to provide a quiet ride. Quicker stabs at the gas pedal will call up a sporty shift program, which holds each gear longer for response and power. Even while in automatic mode, the computer-controlled Tiptronic S responds like a driver working a manual transmission, downshifting or holding lower gears when cornering and driving on hills. Tiptronic S also allows the driver to select manual mode by pressing an up- or downshift button, even with the shift lever in the "D" position.
Inspired by racecars
The racecar-inspired mid-engine layout concentrates the car's mass near its center, providing quick response to steering inputs. Four-wheel independent suspension features a Porsche-optimized MacPherson-strut design for rigidity and aluminum components for low unsprung weight. Front and rear stabilizer bars and dual-tube gas-charged shock absorbers provide flat cornering.
Standard power rack-and pinion steering yields a quick 2.98 turns lock-to-lock and a tight 35.8-ft. (10.9-meter) turning circle.
A "staggered" wheel/tire array (wider wheels and wider, lower-profile tires on the rear) contributes to neutral handling in the Porsche Boxster S. The standard aluminum alloy wheels measure 17 x 7 inches in front and mount 205/55 ZR 17 tires; the 17 x 8.5-inch rear wheels mount 225/40 ZR 17 tires. The optional 18-inch wheels are 7.5 inches wide in front and 9 inches wide at the rear. Mounted with optional front tires 225/40 ZR 18 and265/35 ZR 18 rubber in the rear.
The Porsche Boxster S stops with four-wheel vented disc brakes with ABS 5.3 anti-lock control. Derived from the Porsche GT1 racecar, one-piece "monoblock" brake calipers reduce heat and unsprung weight. The Porsche Boxster S uses the larger, cross-drilled discs from the 911 Carrera. The front discs measure 12.53 inches in diameter and 1.10-inches thick (318 mm x 28 mm). The rear discs measure nearly as large - 11.78 inches in diameter and 0.95-inch thick (299 mm x 24 mm).
Extensive standard and optional equipment
The Porsche Boxster S comes equipped with extensive standard comfort and convenience equipment, including:
- Boron-steel reinforced windshield header and A-pillars
- Dual-front and door-mounted side airbags
- Three-point inertial reel seatbelts with pre-tensioners and load limiters
- Front fog lamps and rear fog lamp
- AM/FM cassette stereo
- Automatic climate control with a dust /pollen filter and a charcoal odor filter
- Heated power side view mirrors
- Heated windshield washer system
- Leather-faced seats with power recliners
- Leather-covered three-spoke steering wheel, gearshift knob, door armrests and handbrake handle
- Power front and rear trunk lid releases
- Power windows with one-touch lowering and raising
- Telescoping steering column
- Transponder key anti-theft system
Optional equipment includes:
- Bose digital sound system
- Porsche Stability Management (PSM) controls
- Fathered-leather upholstery
- Heated seats
- High-intensity gas-discharge headlights
- Park assist system
- Navigation system
- Removable aluminum hardtop
Bose digital audio
Bose audio equipment was introduced in Porsches for 2002 and features equipment custom-engineered for each Porsche model. The new Bose automotive music systems combine balanced stereo, a panoramic sound stage, deep bass and smooth frequency response to produce lifelike music reproduction even in the challenging environment of a car interior. The Bose sound systems employ digital amplifiers to provide clean, uncolored sound at any listening level. In the Boxster, an array of 10 advanced loudspeakers blends seamlessly into cabin trim, raising and widening the sound stage and ensuring balanced stereo. Powerful bass speakers are concealed in customized enclosures to furnish superb performance within limited cabin space.
Safety by design
Safety in the Porsche Boxster S starts with the body structure, which features front and rear crush zones that protect a reinforced passenger compartment. Boron steel tubing reinforcements inside the windshield header and A-pillars along with supplemental safety bars behind the seats provide additional safety in rollover accidents. The supplemental safety bars feature soft-touch covering for a high-quality appearance and tactile feel.
Supplementing the three-point inertia-reel seatbelts, the Porsche Boxster S features seatbelt pretensioners and load limiters as well as dual front airbags and the Porsche Side Impact Protection System that includes door-mounted side airbags, boron-steel door reinforcement beams, and energy-absorbing door panels. The 30-liter capacity side airbags provide additional protection for the chest, head, and pelvis.
At a customer's request, a U.S. Porsche dealer can install a system that deactivates the passenger airbags when a U.S. Porsche-approved child seat is used. The system features a cross brace with belt lock in front of the passenger seat. Buckling the special child seat into this brace deactivates the airbags. To install the system, the dealer also must reprogram the airbag control module.
Porsche Stability Management
The optional Porsche Stability Management (PSM) system can help keep the car going in the direction the driver steers - on slippery or dry road surfaces. PSM uses data from several sensor inputs to detect a loss of grip at the front or rear. The system can reduce instability by applying braking to individual wheels and, if necessary, altering engine power. In addition, the PSM system also provides a traction control function on slippery surfaces.
The PSM system operates so quickly that most drivers likely will not feel it make corrections. The driver can disengage PSM with a dashboard switch. However, for safety, PSM will engage under braking and then disengage when the driver lifts off the brake. While the system provides dynamic handling aid, Porsche cautions drivers that PSM cannot counteract the laws of physics.
LED interior lighting
All Porsche models feature light-emitting diode (LED) interior orientation lights. One LED provides gentle illumination of the cockpit and center console. An LED on the driver's side door handle illuminates the ignition lock and light switch, and an LED illuminates each door latch.
Optional hardtop and roof transport unit
In addition to the standard power top, a three-piece wind deflector is available to reduce wind buffeting and noise during top-down driving. Other options include an aluminum hardtop with a full lining and a glass rear window with defroster, and an innovative roof transportation system that attaches to the convertible roof (open or closed) or the optional hardtop. Suitable for carrying skis, kayaks, or bicycles, the system will hold up to 165 pounds.
The optional Porsche Communication Management system integrates controls and displays for Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) navigation, an onboard computer and climate control. A 5.8-inch (diagonal) LCD color screen displays all functions.